Celestial Wedding – Meenakshi Pancharathnam – அங்கயற்கண்ணி ஐம்பொன் பாமாலை – ஆதி சங்கரர் அருளியது.

The Celestial Wedding of Goddess Meenakshi (Meenakshi Thirukalyanam) is on April 14 Thursday, today.

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Video Link

Here is ஆதி சங்கரர் அருளிய அங்கயற்கண்ணி ஐம்பொன் பாமாலை Meenakshi Pancharathnam. இறையருள் பெருக. இனிதே வாழ்க.


Background Information on the Celestial Wedding

The festival of Meenakshi Thirukalyanam celebrates the divine wedding of Meenakshi Amman with Lord Shiva. This grand celebration is held in Madurai, the cultural capital of Tamil Nadu and is one of the biggest events here.

This annual event takes place in the famous ‘Meenakshi Amman Temple’ at Madurai and devotees from all corners of the world come to witness this magnificent event. A part of the renowned Chithirai festival, Meenakshi Thirukalyanam is held on the 10th day. On this auspicious day thousands of devotees from Madurai and adjoining areas come to the ‘Sri Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple’ to observe the celestial wedding of Lord Sundareswarar (Lord Shiva) and Meenakshi (Goddess Parvati). Devotees throng the temples in large numbers to seek the divine blessings from their lords.

Legend has it that the emperor Kulasekhara Pandyan was the founder of the ancient city of Madurai. He was succeeded by Malayadwaja Pandyan. Malayadwaja Pandyan and his consort Kanchanamala who did not have any children of their own, worshipped with the desire of obtaining progeny. During the course of their ceremonial prayer, a baby girl appeared in the sacrificial altar miraculously.

The Royal couple brought up this child as their own and named her Tataatakai. An odd feature about the baby was that it had three breasts instead of two, and that a divine prophecy decreed that the third one would miraculously disappear, at the princess’s sight of her consort to be.

Tataatakai grew up to be a valorous queen; she was also known as Meenakshi, the one endowed with fish like eyes. Tataatakai embarked upon a DigVijaya or a tour of victory, across the length and breadth of the Indian subcontinent. In the course of her travels she came to Mount Kailash where she encountered Shiva; upon standing in front of Shiva her third breast disappeared and a valorous warrior princess transformed into a blushing bride.

Lord Siva directed Meenakshi to return to Madurai and promised her that he would join her in eight days as her groom. Accordingly Meenakshi returned to Madurai, and at the appointed time, the divine wedding was celebrated with pomp and splendour. Maha Vishnu, believed to be the brother of Meenakshi is said to have given the bride away.

The legend of Meenakshi Kalyanam brings together four of the six main streams in popular Hinduismi.e. the Saiva, Shakta, Vaishnava and Skanda faiths – and this grand culmination of faiths is still celebrated in great splendour today, in an enactment of Meenakshi Kalyanam each year, when images of Skanda and Vishnu are brought to the Madurai Meenakshi temple from Tirupparankundram nearby. Also of significance is the grand procession of Kallazhagar towards Madurai from the Alagar Koyil temple in the outskirts of the city.

How fortunate I am to attempt to translate the Meenakshi Pancharathnamala, a garland of 5 exotic flowers filled to the brim with bhakti by Adi Sankara. Indeed I am very lucky.

Meenakshi Pancharathnam – Sloka 5

Audio Link


Sanskrit Verse

नानायोगिमुनीन्द्रहृत्सुवसतिं नानार्थसिद्धिप्रदां

नानापुष्पविराजिताङ्घ्रियुगलां नारायणेनार्चिताम्

नादब्रह्ममयीं परात्परतरां नानार्थतत्त्वात्मिकां

मीनाक्षीं प्रणतोऽस्मि सन्ततमहं कारुण्यवारांनिधिम् ॥५॥

Meaning in Tamil

பெருமுனிஞானியர் உளமுறைவோளே

பொருளுடன் சித்திபல அளிப்போளே

பொலிவுடன் மலரணி பாதமுடையோளே

பெருமாளும் போற்றிடும் அன்னையே

ஓமெனும் நாதப்ரம்ம வடிவாய் உயர்இருப்பின் உயர்வே

உளகுயிருள் நீக்கமற நிறை மெய்ப்பொருளே

அங்கயற்கண்ணியே, கருணைக்கடலே, யான்

அனுதினமும் உனை அடிபணிவேன் அன்னையே ! 5

சிறந்த யோகிகள், முனிவர்கள் போன்றவர்களின் இதயத்தில் என்றும் வசிப்பவளும், வேண்டும் அனைத்துப் பொருட்களையும் தருபவளும், எல்லாவிதமான பூக்களாலும் அழகு பெற்ற திருவடிகளை உடையவளும், நாராயணனாலும் அருச்சிக்கப்பட்டவளும், நாதபிரம்ம உருவானவளும், உயர்ந்ததிலும் உயர்வானவளும், அனைத்துப் பொருட்களிலும் உள்நின்று இயக்குபவளும், கருணைக்கடல் ஆனவளும், பெரும் செல்வம் ஆனவளும் ஆன மீனாட்சியை அடியேன் எப்பொழுதும் வணங்குகிறேன்.

Meaning in English

5.1: Residing within the hearts of various great Yogis and Munis, She bestows various Siddhis (spiritual accomplishments),

5.2: Her Lotus Feet adorned with various Flowers (of Devotion of Devotees) is adored by Narayana Himself (Who is fond of Pure Devotion),

5.3: She is the embodiment of Nada Brahman, beyond all Existences, pervading everything as their innermost Soul (i.e. innermost Essence),

5.4: (Meditating on Her within the heart) I Bow down again and again to Devi Meenakshi, Who is an Ocean of Compassion.

English Transliteration

Naanaa-Yogi-Munii-[I]ndra-Hrtsu-Vasatim Naanaa-[A]rtha-Siddhi-Pradaam

Naanaa-Pusspa-Viraajita-Angghri-Yugalaam Naaraayannena-Arcitaam |

Naadabrahmamayiim Paraatpara-Taraam Naanaa-[A]rtha-Tattva-Atmikaam |

Miinaakssiim Prannato-[A]smi Santatam-Aham Kaarunnya-Vaaraam-Nidhim ||5||

Transliteration in Tamil

நானாயோகி³முனீந்த்³ரஹ்ருʼந்நிவஸதீம் நானார்த²ஸித்³தி⁴ப்ரதா³ம்

நானாபுஷ்பவிராஜிதாங்க்⁴ரியுக³ளாம் நாராயணேனார்சிதாம் ।

நாத³ப்³ரஹ்மமயீம் பராத்பரதராம் நானார்த²தத்வாத்மிகாம்

மீனாக்ஷீம் ப்ரணதோ³ஸ்மி ஸந்ததமஹம் காருண்யவாராம்நிதி⁴ம் ॥

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words (Meanings from greenmesg.org)

नानायोगिमुनीन्द्रहृत्सुवसतिं (Naanaa-Yogi-Munii-Indra-Hrtsu-Vasatim): Who resides within the Heart of the great Yogis and Munis [Sages]

नाना (Naanaa) = Various

योगि (Yogi) = Yogi

मुनी (Munii) = Muni, Sage

इन्द्र (Indra) = Best, Most Excellent

हृद् (Hrd) = Heart

वस (Vasa) = Abiding

नानार्थसिद्धिप्रदां (Naanaa-Artha-Siddhi-Pradaam): Who bestows various Siddhis [supernatural powers]

नाना (Naanaa) = Various

अर्थ (Artha) = Thing, Object

सिद्धि (Siddhi) = Siddhi, special powers

प्रद (Prada) = Giving

नानापुष्पविराजिताङ्घ्रियुगलां (Naanaa-Pusspa-Viraajita-Angghri-Yugalaam): Whose pair of Feet is adorned with various Flowers

नाना (Naanaa) = Various

पुष्प (Pusspa) = Flower

विराजित (Viraajita) = Eminent, Illustrious, Splendid

अङ्घ्रि (Angghri) = Foot

युगल (Yugala) = Pair

नारायणेनार्चिताम् (Naaraayannena-Arcitaam): Who is adored by Lord Narayana

नारायण (Naaraayanna) = Sri Narayana

अर्चित (Arcita) = Honoured, Worshipped

नादब्रह्ममयीं (Naadabrahmamayiim): Who is the embodiment of Nada Brahma

परात्परतरां (Paraatpara-Taraam): Who is beyond all Existences

परात्पर (Paraatpara) = Superior to the best

तर (Tara) = Supreme, Beyond

नानार्थतत्त्वात्मिकां (Naanaa-Artha-Tattva-Atmikaam): Who pervades everything as their innermost Soul [i.e. innermost Essence]

नाना (Naanaa) = Various

अर्थ (Artha) = Thing

तत्त्व (Tattva) = Real Essence

आत्मन् (Aatman) = Soul, Principle of Life

Meenakshi Pancharathnam – Sloka 4

Audio Link


Sanskrit Verse

श्रीमत्सुन्दरनायिकां भयहरां ज्ञानप्रदां निर्मलां

श्यामाभां कमलासनार्चितपदां नारायणस्यानुजाम्

वीणावेणुमृदङ्गवाद्यरसिकां नानाविधामम्बिकां

मीनाक्षीं प्रणतोऽस्मि सन्ततमहं कारुण्यवारांनिधिम् ॥४॥

Meaning in Tamil

சுந்தரரின் எழில் நாயகியே அச்சம் அகற்றுபவளே

அறிவு புகட்டுவளே தூயவளே

கருநீல மிளிர் வடிவே உனைக் கமல அலரவன் துதித்தானே

கள்ளழகனின் இளைய சோதரியே

குழல் யாழ் மத்தள இசை ரசிகையே

உலகுறை உயிரினங்களின் அன்னையே

அங்கயற்கண்ணியே, கருணைக்கடலே, யான்

அனுதினமும் உனை அடிபணிவேன் அன்னையே ! 4

சுந்தரேசருடைய நாயகியும், அடியவர்களுடைய பயத்தை நீக்குபவளும், அடியவர்களுக்கு பேரறிவை (ஞானத்தை) நல்குபவளும், குறையொன்றும் இல்லாதவளும், கருநீல நிறம் கொண்டவளும், தாமரையில் அமர்ந்திருக்கும் பிரம்மனால் அருச்சிக்கப்பட்ட திருவடிகளை உடையவளும், நாராயணனுடைய தங்கையும், யாழ், குழல், மிருதங்கம் முதலியவற்றின் இசையை இரசிப்பவளும், பல்விதமான உயிர்களுக்கு அன்னையும, கருணைக்கடல் ஆனவளும, பெரும் செல்வம் ஆனவளும் ஆன மீனாட்சியை அடியேன் எப்பொழுதும் வணங்குகிறேன்.

Meaning in English

4.1: (Even though Her infinite Creations and Transformations brings Fear) Seeing Her as the Beautiful Presiding Deity (as the Source of everything), takes away Fear, bestows Knowledge, and makes us Pure,

4.2: (Taking meditative delight in) Her Dark Form, (visualizing) Her Feet being worshipped by the one seated on Lotus (i.e. Brahmadeva), (I worship Her), Who is the younger sister of Sri Narayana,

4.3: She takes delight in various musical instruments like Veena, Venu (Flute) and Mridanga; and assuming various Forms as Mother (She plays Her play of Creations),

4.4: (Seeing Her as the Source behind all) I Bow down again and again to Devi Meenakshi, Who is an Ocean of Compassion.

English Transliteration

Shriimat-Sundara-Naayikaam Bhaya-Haraam Jnyaana-Pradaam Nirmalaam

Shyaama-[A]abhaam Kamala-[A]asana-Arcita-Padaam Naaraayannasya-Anujaam |

Viinnaa-Vennu-Mrdangga-Vaadya-Rasikaam Naanaa-Vidhaam-Ambikaam |

Miinaakssiim Prannato-[A]smi Santatam-Aham Kaarunnya-Vaaraam-Nidhim ||4||

Transliteration in Tamil

ஶ்ரீமத்ஸுந்த³ரநாயிகாம் ப⁴யஹராம் ஜ்ஞானப்ரதா³ம் நிர்மலாம்

ஶ்யாமாபா⁴ம் கமலாஸனார்சிதபதா³ம் நாராயணஸ்யாநுஜாம் ।

வீணாவேணும்ருʼத³ங்க³வாத்³யரஸிகாம் நானாவிதா⁴டம்பி³காம் மீனாக்ஷீம் ப்ரணதோ³ஸ்மி ஸந்ததமஹம் காருண்யவாராம்நிதி⁴ம் ॥ 4 ॥

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words (Meanings from greenmesg.org)

श्रीमत्सुन्दरनायिकां (Shriimat-Sundara-Naayikaam): Who is the beautiful Presiding Goddess

श्रीमत् (Shriimat) = Possessed of Fortune, Auspicious

सुन्दर (Sundara) = Beautiful

नायिका (Naayikaa) = Presiding Goddess

भयहरां (Bhaya-Haraam): Who takes away Fear

भय (Bhaya) = Fear

हर (Hara) = Taking away

ज्ञानप्रदां (Jnyaana-Pradaam): Who bestows Knowledge

ज्ञान (Jnyaana) = Knowledge

प्रद (Prada) = Giving

निर्मलां (Nirmalaam): Who is Stainless and Pure]

निर्मल (Nirmala) = Stainless, Pure

श्यामाभां (Shyaama-Aabhaam): Who has a dark splendour

श्याम (Shyaama) = Dark-coloured

आभा (Aabhaa) = Splendour, Light, Appearance, Colour

कमलासनार्चितपदां (Kamala-Aasana-Arcita-Padaam): Whose Feet is worshipped by the one seated on Lotus [i.e. Brahmadeva]

कमल (Kamala) = Lotus

आसन (Aasana) = Seat

अर्चित (Arcita) = Worshipped

पद (Pada) = Foot

नारायणस्यानुजाम् (Naaraayannasya-Anujaam): Who is the younger sister of Sri Narayana

नारायण (Naaraayanna) = Sri Narayana

अनुज (Anuja) = Younger [Sister]

वीणावेणुमृदङ्गवाद्यरसिकां (Viinnaa-Vennu-Mrdangga-Vaadya-Rasikaam): Who takes delight in musical instruments like Veena, Venu [Flute] and Mridanga

वीणा (Viinnaa) = Veena, a stringed musical instrument

वेणु (Vennu) = Flute

मृदङ्ग (Mrdangga) = Mridanga, a type of drum

वाद्य (Vaadya) = Musical Instruments

रसिक (Rasika) = Having a taste for, Delighting in

नानाविधामम्बिकां (Naanaa-Vidhaam-Ambikaam): Who is the Mother assuming various Forms

नाना (Naanaa) = Various

विधा (Vidhaa) = Form, Kind

अम्बिका (Ambikaa) = Mother