Aditya Hrudayam · Spirituality

Aditya Hridayam Verses 28-31

in the concluding phase of Aditya Hridayam, the impact that the Sun had on a tired and weary Rama is brought out. While these verses might sound “unrealistic” to some of the present time “rational thinking” personnel, the fact that Sun has a refreshing effect on life and rejuvenates millions of living beings into action is undeniable.

Verse 28

एतच्छ्रुत्वा महातेजाः नष्टशोकोऽभवत्तदा

धारयामास सुप्रीतो राघवः प्रयतात्मवान् ॥२८॥

– EtacchrutvA mahAtEjA naShTashOkO$bhavattadA

– dhArayAmAsa suprItO rAghava: prayatAtmavAn

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

tadA = then

mahAtEjA = one with tremendous energy

Etat = this

shrutvA = having heard

naShTashOka: = losing grief, cheered up

abhavat = became [Simple Past, la~Ng lakAra:]

suprIta: = pleased, gladdened

prayatAtmavAn = one with a pious-minded, subdued mind

rAghava: = of the Raghu dynasty (“Rama” here)

dhArayAmAsa = held, retained [Past Perfect, lit lakAra:]

Meaning of the Verse

On hearing this advice, Raghava, who is endowed

with extraordinary energy, found his grief dispelled

immediately. Feeling greatly delighted, he, who has a

subdued mind, retained (Aditya Hridayam) in his memory.

Meaning in Tamil

ஆதவனின் புகழ் செவிமடுத்து சோர்வு நீர்ந்து

புதுப்பொலிவு கொண்டான் பேரொளியுடன்

மாவீரன் ராகவன் மனதில் நிறுத்தி மறைதனை

————————————————————

Verse 29

आदित्यं प्रेक्ष्य जप्त्वा तु परं हर्षमवाप्तवान्

त्रिराचम्य शुचिर्भूत्वा धनुरादाय वीर्यवान् ॥२९॥

– Adityam prEkshya japtvA tu param harShamavAptavAn

– trirAcamya shucirbhUtvA dhanurAdAya vIryavAn

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

Adityam = Surya (in subject form)

prEkshya = on looking/gazing at

japtvA = having recited

param = high, excellent

harSha: = joy, delight, satisfaction

avAptavAn = received, experienced

tri: = three times

Acamya = having sipped

shuci: = purity; cleansed, hallowed state

bhUtvA = having become

vIryavAn = brave one

dhanu: = bow [from ‘dhanus’]

AdAya = having taken [indeclinable]

Meaning of the Verse

Gazing at Surya, and reciting the hymn, Rama

experienced supreme joy. Purifying himself by

performing “Acamanam” (Sipping water thrice with

the name of the Lord in one’s lips), Rama took up his bow.

Meaning in Tamil

ஒருமையுடன் உதயவனை உற்றுநோக்கி

வெறுமைநீக்கி ஒப்புயர்வற்ற மகிழ்வுடனே

ஆதவனை மனதினில் நிலை நிறுத்தி

அருந்தினான் புனிதநீரதனை மும்முறை

அடைந்திட்டான் ராமன் ஆற்றல்மிகு தன் வளைவில்தனை

——————————————————————-

Verse 30

रावणं प्रेक्ष्य हृष्टात्मा युद्धाय समुपागमत्

सर्वयत्नेन महता वधे तस्य धृतोऽभवत् ॥३०॥

– rAvaNam prEkshya hR^iShTAtmA yuddhAya samupAgamat

– sarvayatnEna mahatA vadhE tasya dhR^itO$bhavat

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

hR^iShTAtmA = pleased, glad person [hR^iSh, 4P, harShati, hR^iShTa]

rAvaNam prEkshya = seeing/facing Ravana

yuddha: = battle/combat; yuddhAya = for combat

samupAgamat = approached near, advanced

mahatA = with greatness [mahAn yuddha:; mahatI vEdanA]

yatna: = effort, attempt; yatnEna = with effort

tasya = his (Ravana’s)

vadha: = killing, murder; vadhE = in the slaughter, killing

dhR^ita: = resolved, firm, determined one

abhavat = became [Simple Past]

Meaning of the Verse

Fixing his eyes on Ravana, a delighted Rama advanced for

the combat; He became resolved in Ravana’s killing with an

intense all-out effort.

Meaning in Tamil

முழுமையுடன் போர் புரிந்து உயிர்வதைக்கும் உறுதியுடன்

முன்சென்றான் ராவணணை எதிர் நோக்கி மகிழ்மிகு ராமன்

———————————————————-

Verse 31

अथ रविरवदन्निरीक्ष्य रामं मुदितमनाः परमं प्रहृष्यमाणः

निशिचरपतिसंक्षयं विदित्वा सुरगणमध्यगतो वचस्त्वरेति ॥३१॥

– atha raviravadan nirIkshya rAmam

– muditamanA: paramam prahR^iShyamANa:

– nishicarapatisankshayam viditvA

– suragaNamadhyagatO vacastvarEti

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

atha = here; hence begins (to indicate auspiciousness) [indeclinable]

muditamanA: = delighted mind

paramam = highest, chief

prahR^iShyamANa: = delighted one

ravi: = Aditya

nishicarapati: = lord of the night-stalkers (Ravana here)

viditvA = on observing

suragaNa: = the group of Devas

madhyagata: = on going amidst

rAmam nirIkshya = seeing/facing Rama

avadat = said (simple past)

vaca: = speech/word [from vacas; used in subject form here]

tvara = (you) hurry; make haste

iti = as/that [to follow a quote]

Meaning of the Verse

Then, delighted in mind, supremely exhilarated Aditya,

on observing Ravana’s destruction, amidst the assembly

of the Devas, seeing Rama, said “Make Haste”.

Meaning in Tamil

கதிரவன் களிமிகு முழுமனமகிழ்வுடன்

எதிரியின் வதம் எதிர்பார்த்து ராமனிடம்

விரைந்திடுவாய் வீழ்த்திடு ராவணன்தனையென

வின்னவர் புடைசூழ விழைத்திட்டான ஆதவன்

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