Narayaneeyam – Dasakam 2 – Introduction

Pencil Sketch at the site – Belur Halebidu by my daughter some 25 years ago

The greatness of The Supreme Reality – The Brahma Tatwa, which is dense concentrated Bliss, which is of the nature of the Pure Consciousness, which is without parallel or comparison, and is totally free of time and space limitations, and is always free of Maya is brought out in Daskam 1. That Brahma Tatwa which is not easy to grasp in the beginning, but the realisation of which, is the highest purusharth (i.e. liberation), that very Reality shines right in front in concrete form in the Guruvaayur temple as Lord Krishna.

Through this first Daskam, the transcendent and immanent (Nirguna and Saguna) nature of the Brahman is brought out. Here is a recap of Dasakam 1.

The reality of the Brahman is not a question to be solved by dialectic which the vast majority of the human race will be unable to understand. Dialectic in itself and without reference to personal experience cannot give us conviction. Only spiritual experiences can provide us with proof.

Narayana Bhattathri has brought out his spiritual experience at the Guruvayur Temple for the benefit of ordinary humans like us. Let us try and understand through the Slokas.

In Dasakam 2, the sweetness of the form and the devotion to that form have been brought out clearly.

Each blog will cover the Sloka, transliterations in English and Tamil, the meaning of the Sanskrit words and the meaning of the Sloka in English and Tamil.

The first Sloka of Dasakam 2 will be on next Friday, 24th September.

An important message here: Except for the translation in Tamil which is an expression of my limited and little understanding of the Sloka, everything else is what is available in the public domain.

SIKSHASTAKAM – Prayer to Lord Krishna – Verses – 7&8

Sanskrit Verse 7

युगायितं निमेषेण

चक्षुषा प्रावृषायितम्।

शून्यायितं जगत् सर्वं

गोविन्द विरहेण मे ॥७॥

Meaning in Tamil

உனைப் பிரிந்த ஒரு கணமும் யுகமன்றோ கோவிந்தா

விசைப் பொழிவென கண்ணீர் பெருகியதே கண்ணா

உலகம் ஒரு நிலையிலா வெறுமையென தோன்றியதே

Meaning in English

“My Lord Govinda, because of separation from You, I consider even a moment a great millennium. Tears flow from My eyes like torrents of rain, and I see the entire world as void.”

Sanskrit Verse 8

आश्लिष्य वा पादरतां पिनष्टु

मामदर्शनान् मर्महतां करोतु वा।

यथा तथा वा विदधातु

लम्पटो मत्प्राणनाथस् तु एव नापरः ॥८॥

Meaning in Tamil

இறுகப் பற்றிடு உன்பதமலர் பாதம்பணி ஏவலன் எனை!

இலையெனில் ஏறி மிதித்திடு உடலனைத்தையும் ! என்

இதயமதை நொறுக்கிடு உன் காட்சிதனை மறைத்து !

விரும்பியதை செய்திடு லீலைபுரி மாயன் அன்றோ நீ !

இருப்பினும் உனையன்றி வேறெவருளரோ என் மனம்தனில் !

Meaning in English

“Let Kṛṣṇa tightly embrace this maidservant who has fallen at His lotus feet, or let Him trample Me or break My heart by never being visible to Me. He is a debauchee, after all, and can do whatever He likes, but still He alone, and no one else, is the worshipable Lord of My heart.”

Video Link

Here is wishing all of you Happy Janmashtami

By the grace of Lord Krishna, blessings of my parents and elders I intend to start understanding Narayaneeyam Dasakam 2 as my next assignment.

God Bless. வளமுடன் வாழ்க

SIKSHASTAKAM – Prayer to Lord Krishna – Verses – 5&6

Sanskrit Verse 5

अयि नन्दतनुज किंकरं

पतितं मां विषमे भवाम्बुधौ।

कृपया तव पादपंकज

स्थितधूलिसदृशं विचिन्तय ॥५॥

Meaning in Tamil

நந்த குமரனே! பிறவிப் பெருங்கடல் வீழ்ந்து

நலியும் எளியொன் யான்! பரிவுடனே கருணை

நல்கி அருள் புரிவாய் கண்ணனே ! எனை உன்னிரு

நறுமலர் பாதம்தனில் சேர் புழுதியென ஏற்றிடுவாய் !

Meaning in English

“O My Lord, O Kṛṣṇa, son of Mahārāja Nanda, I am Your eternal servant, but because of My own fruitive acts I have fallen into this horrible ocean of nescience. Now please be causelessly merciful to Me. Consider Me a particle of dust at Your lotus feet.”

Sanskrit Verse 6

नयनं गलदश्रुधारया

वदनं गदगदरुद्धया गिरा।

पुलकैर्निचितं वपुः कदा

तव नामग्रहणे भविष्यति ॥६॥

Meaning in Tamil

உன் நாமம் துதிக்கையினில் என் பொறியாம்

கண்கள் ஆனந்த நீர்மல்கி தாரையென வழியவும்

வாய்மிடறு வாக்கு திணறி இடறுடன் தளரவும்,

உடல் பேரின்ப நிலையுடன் மயிர்கூச்செரிந்து

பரவசம் அடைவதும் எப்பொழுது என் பரமனே!

Meaning in English

“My dear Lord, when will My eyes be beautified by filling with tears that constantly glide down as I chant Your holy name? When will My voice falter and all the hairs on My body stand erect in transcendental happiness as I chant Your holy name?”

Video Link

SIKSHASTAKAM – Prayer to Lord Krishna – Verses – 3&4

Sanskrit Verse 3

तृणादपि सुनीचेन

तरोरपि सहिष्णुना।

अमानिना मानदेन

कीर्तनीयः सदा हरिः ॥३॥

Meaning in Tamil

நாணலினும் குறு அகந்தை கொண்டு

நெடிது வளர் மரமொப்ப பொருமையுடன்

செருக்கு ஏதம் சிந்தனையில் இல்லாமல்

நலிந்தோர்க்கும் நன்மதி தரும் நல்லோர்

எளிவுடனே பண்ணிசைப்பார் உன் நாமம்

Meaning in English

“One who thinks himself lower than the grass, who is more tolerant than a tree, and who does not expect personal honor but is always prepared to give all respect to others can very easily always chant the holy name of the Lord”.

Sanskrit Verse 4

धनं जनं सुन्दरीं

कवितां वा जगदीश कामये।

मम जन्मनि जन्मनीश्वरे

भवताद् भक्तिरहैतुकी त्वयि॥४॥

Meaning in Tamil

பொருள் வேண்டேன் புகழ் வேண்டேன்

மனை வேண்டேன் கவிவரை கடமை வேண்டேன்

இப்பிறவி எப்பிறவிதனிலும் உள்நோக்கிலா

பக்திநிறை உன்னிரு பாத சேவை புரிந்திட

வேண்டுகிறேன் வாசுதேவனே உலகுய்வோனே

Meaning in English

“O Lord of the universe, I do not desire material wealth, materialistic followers, a beautiful wife or fruitive activities described in flowery language. All I want, life after life, is unmotivated devotional service to You.”

Video Link

SIKSHASTAKAM – Prayer to Lord Krishna – Verses – 1&2

Sanskrit Verse 1

चेतोदर्पणमार्जनं भव महादावाग्नि निर्वापणम्

श्रेयः कैरवचन्द्रिकावितरणं विद्यावधू जीवनम्

आनंदाम्बुधिवर्धनं प्रतिपदं पूर्णामृतास्वादनम्

सर्वात्मस्नपनं परं विजयते श्रीकृष्ण संकीर्तनम् ॥१॥

Meaning in Tamil

மாசு நிறை இதயக் கண்ணாடிதனை தூய்மை ஆக்கிடும்

ஆசை நிறை பிறவி சூழ் பேரழல்தனை அணைத்திடும்

பிறை மதியென நற்பேறாம் வெண்தாமரைதனை விரித்திடும்

வாழ்வதனில் ஞான சக்தியென அறிவுதனைப் புகட்டிடும்

படிப் படியாய் பெருகிடும் அலைகடலென பேரானந்தமதில்

மூழ்கிக்குளிக்கும் அனைவரும் சுவைக்கும் அமிழ்து அளிக்கும்

திருக்கூட்டத்துதி பாடும் கண்ணன் நாமம் வெற்றி சூடட்டும்.

Meaning in English

“Cleansing the mirror of the heart, mind, and consciousness (citta), extinguishing the great forest fire of material existence, spreading the moonshine of the lotus of good fortune, the life of the spouse of all knowledge, increasing the ocean of bliss, giving a taste of full nectar (amrita) at each step, bathing all souls, let there be all victory for the congregational hearing and chanting of the Holy Names of Lord Kṛṣṇa”.

Sanskrit Verse 2

नाम्नामकारि बहुधा निज सर्व

शक्तिस्तत्रार्पिता नियमितः स्मरणे कालः।

एतादृशी तव कृपा भगवन्ममापि

दुर्दैवमीदृशमिहाजनि नानुरागः॥२॥

Meaning in Tamil

உனக்குள்ள பல நாம வழி விதிதம் உன் சக்திஅவை

நினைய எமக்கில்லை நேரவிதிவரம்பு ஏதும்உனக்கு

அத்துனை கருணையன்றோ அல்லலுறும் அடியார் மேல்ஆயினும்

ஆகூழிலா அடியேன் அடையவில்லை அந்நாமங்களில் விருப்பம்

Meaning in English

“In your (divine) names manifested various kinds of full potencies (shaktis) therein bestowed, with no rules according to time for remembering them, O Lord, you are so merciful, but it is my misfortune here that I have no anuraga (interest) in those names”.

Video Link:

August – Bhakti Yoga on Lord Krishna

Chaitanya Maha Prabhu

August is the month for Lord Krishna. The Gokulashtami this year is on 31st August. Last year we celebrated with a series of Blogs on the Dance of the Yuga, the “Kalinga Narthanam”. This year it is time for a month of Bhakti Yoga.

The Shikshashtakam is a prayer of eight verses. They were written by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486 – 1534). The name of the prayer comes from the Sanskrit words Śikṣā, meaning ‘instruction’, and aṣṭaka, meaning ‘consisting of eight parts’, i.e., stanzas. The teachings contained within the eight verses are believed to contain the essence of all teachings on Bhakti yoga within the Gaudiya tradition. With two verses in each week, we will cover the Shikshashtakam in this month of Aug 2021 starting from August 3rd.

Every week, the blog will be accompanied by the divine rendering of Shikshashtakam by the legendary MS Subbulakshmi.

Narayaneeyam – Dasakam 1 – Conclusion

With very little knowledge of Sanskrit and abysmally poor idea about Vedanta and Spirituality, on January 4th of this year , I commenced my journey to try and get a feeling of the first Dasakam of Narayaneeyam. No need to emphasise the very low confidence that I had in this journey. It was akin to the journey by foot undertaken from the erstwhile State of Madras to Kasi (Varanasi) in the previous centuries, with the traveller not really sure if he will ever reach the destination; leave alone the chances of studying there.

As a beginner and a self-learner, like the Kasi traveller, I take lot of time to understand the sentence in Sanskrit (In Tamil we call it எழுத்துக்கூட்டி படிப்பது). Then look for help in splitting the long words into simple and understandable words (பதம் பிரித்து) and then refer to the dictionaries for meaning; come to some conclusion and then refine it with respect to the context. Many times I had lost hopes of me understanding the context and the concepts that are propounded by Bhattathri. But as I started the journey, I had an invisible hand holding mine after I finished studying each sloka – I can only guess that it was indeed the Lord of Guruvayur Himself.

So here I am; at the end of 75 days plus around 25 days of preparation , have just completed the first round of my study of 10 Slokas . I need to study this again and again till I get an understanding, as I feel that this Daskam brings out Vedantic concepts in describing Lord Guruvayurappan. I will do that as my next project. In the meantime, here is a consolidation of my learning.

Pl bear with me if you find my understanding and translation as inadequate. Please feel free to let me know through your comments.

Narayaneeyam – Dasakam 1 – Verse 10

Sanskrit Verse

ऐश्वर्यं शङ्करादीश्वरविनियमनं विश्वतेजोहराणां
तेजस्संहारि वीर्यं विमलमपि यशो निस्पृहैश्चोपगीतम्।
अङ्गासङ्गा सदा श्रीरखिलविदसि क्वापि ते सङ्गवार्ता
तद्वातागारवासिन् मुरहर भगवच्छब्दमुख्याश्रयोऽसि॥१०॥

Audio Link

https://www.dropbox.com/s/of5xqux33phzhbx/Sloka%2010.mp3?dl=0 – chanting by Sri. Sankararama Sharma

Meaning in Tamil

Dasakam 1 – Verse 10

Meaning in English

O Lord of Guruvaayur! Thy lordliness consists in being the controller of all gods from Lord Shankara onwards.Thy prowess overcomes that of those who excel the whole world in prowess. Thy pure fame is sung by even the most desireless sages. Laxmi Devi always resides in Thy bosom. Thou are omniscient and there is not the slightest trace of attachment in Thee. Therefore, the term ‘Bhagavan’ is applicable to Thee alone

English Transliteration

AishvaryaM shankaraadiishvaraviniyamanaM vishvatejOharaaNaaM

tejassanhaari viiryaM vimalamapi yashO nispRaihaishchOpagiitam .

angaasangaa sadaa shriirakhilavidasi na kvaapi tee sangavaartaa

tadvaataagaaravaasin murahara bhagavachChabdamukhyaashrayO(a)si .. 10

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

ऐश्वर्यं – state of being a mighty lord (Lordliness)

शङ्करादीश्वरविनियमनं = [शङ्कर + आदी + ईश्वर + विनियमनं = Sankara + beginning + Lord/God + control/limit/restrict = ] controls all gods beginning with Sankara

विश्वतेजोहराणां = [विश् + तेजस् + हर = universe, powers, destroy = ] of those (powerful beings) who are the destroyers (हर) of the powers (तेजस्) of the universe (विश्व)

तेजस्संहारि = [तेज: + संहारि = powers, destroyer ] = is the destroyer (संहारिन्) of the powers (तेजस्)

वीर्यं = prowess

विमलमपि = विमलं + अपि = stain less/pure/untainted

यशो = fame/honour

निस्पृहैश्चोपगीतम् = [निस्पृहै: + च + उपगीतं] = free from desire,and, sing/sung

अङ्गासङ्गा = अङ्ग + सङ्ग = part of the body (implies heart):, union

सदा – always (resides in your bosom)

श्रीरखिलविदसि = श्री + अखिलविदसि = Lakshmi, omnipresent

न क्वापि ते सङ्गवार्ता = no, anywhere, the, attachment (you are beyond any attachment)

तद्वातागारवासिन् = तत + वातगार + वासिन् = hence, air(vayu), house (guruvayur)

मुरहर = Mura the demon, victor (Murari, Krishna):

भगवच्छब्दमुख्याश्रयोऽसि = भगवत् + शब्द+ द्मुख्य + आश्रय: + असि = Bhagwan , the sound, main, base, you are (You are the main base for the name Bhagwan). The author says that only You deserve to be called Bhagavaan since You possess the six qualities of ऐश्वर्यं (sovereignty), वीर्यं (virility), यशः (fame), श्रीः (wealth), ज्ञानं (knowledge), वैराग्यम् (detachment).

Narayaneeyam – Dasakam 1 – Verse 9

Sanskrit Verse

कारुण्यात्काममन्यं ददति खलु परे स्वात्मदस्त्वं विशेषा
दैश्वर्यादीशतेऽन्ये जगति परजने स्वात्मनोऽपीश्वरस्त्वम्।
त्वय्युच्चैरारमन्ति प्रतिपदमधुरे चेतना: स्फीतभाग्या
स्त्वं चात्माराम एवेत्यतुलगुणगणाधार शौरे नमस्ते॥९॥

Audio Link

https://www.dropbox.com/s/2k4ty4w5dd8bys6/Sloka%209.mp3?dl=0 – chanting by Sri. Sankararama Sharma

Meaning in Tamil

Dasakam 1 – Verse 9

Meaning in English

O Lord Shri Krishna! while other gods out of compassion, fulfill the desires of their devotees, Thou out of Thy unique compassion, offer Thyself (liberation) to Thy devotees. While other gods rule over the world with the powers invested in them, Thou are the very inner controller of all and rule over all beings and other gods as well as Thyself. Hence all fortunate jeevas [souls] take immense delight in the bliss that Thou are. As for Thee, Thou are ever satisfied in Thyself and are the abode of incomparable attributes. O Lord! prostrations to Thee.

English Transliteration

kaaruNyaatkaamamanyaM dadati khalu pare svaatmadastvaM visheShaa-

daishvaryaadiishate(a)nye jagati parajane svaatmanO(a)piishvarastvam .

tvaiyyuchchairaaramanti pratipadamadhure chetanaaH sphiitabhaagyaa-

stvaM chaatmaaraama evetyatulaguNagaNaadhaara shaure namaste .. 9

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

कारुण्यात्काममन्यं = कारुण्यात्-कामम्-अन्यं = compassion, desired objects, other

ददति – given

खलु – indeed

परे – other (other gods)

स्वात्मदस्त्वं = स्वात्मन् + असि + त्वं = swatman, asi, tvam = own self, give, your [You give your own self (i.e., give liberation)]

विशेषाद्- special
ऐश्वर्यादीशतेऽन्ये = ऐश्वर्यात् + ईस्ते + अन्ये = aishwaryath, ISTe, anye = by the power, rule, other (others rule by the power )

जगति – in the world

परजने – other people

स्वात्मनोऽपीश्वरस्त्वम्। = स्व-आत्मन: + अपि-ईश्वर: + त्वं = own self , even, lord, yourself
त्वय्युच्चैरारमन्ति= त्वयि-उच्चै:+ आरमन्ति = in you, higher (deeply), revel,

प्रतिपदमधुरे = प्रतिपद + मधुरे = every step, sweet

चेतना: – souls

स्फीतभाग्या = स्फीत + भाग्य = exceedingly, fortunate
स्त्वं चात्माराम एवेत्यतुलगुणगणाधार = त्वं + च + आत्माराम: + एव + इति + अतुल + गुण + गण+ आधार = you, also, reveling in ones own self + the one+ thus + immense + qualities + abode

शौरे – oh Sauri

नमस्ते – ते नमः. – to you, salutations

Narayaneeyam – Dasakam 1 – Verse 8

Sanskrit Verse

नम्राणां सन्निधत्ते सततमपि पुरस्तैरनभ्यर्थितान
प्यर्थान् कामानजस्रं वितरति परमानन्दसान्द्रां गतिं च।
इत्थं निश्शेषलभ्यो निरवधिकफल: पारिजातो हरे त्वं
क्षुद्रं तं शक्रवाटीद्रुममभिलषति व्यर्थमर्थिव्रजोऽयम्॥८॥

Audio Link

https://www.dropbox.com/s/otvgfqct3zmta4q/Sloka%208.mp3?dl=0 – chanting by Sri. Sankararama Sharma

Meaning in Tamil

Dasakam 1 – Verse 8

Meaning in English

O Lord Vishnu! for the devotees who surrender to Thee, Thou always confer, unasked for, not only wealth and other desires, but also liberation.Thus being accessible to every one and bestower of unlimited boons, Thou are the unique Paarijaata tree [parijaata: a heavenly flower]. Alas, the desire prompted hoards of people, in vain, long for trivial blessings from the Kalpaka tree of the garden of Indra. [Kalpaka: a wish fulfilling tree]

English Transliteration

namraaNaaM sannidhatte satatamapi purastairanabhyarthitaana-

pyarthaan kaamaanajasraM vitarati paramaanandasaandraaM gatiM cha .

itthaM nishsheShalabhyO niravadhikaphalaH paarijaatO hare tvaM

kshudraM taM shakravaaTiidrumamabhilaShati vyarthamarthivrajO(a)yam .. 8

Meaning of the Sanskrit Words

नम्राणां – (to) those who worship The

सन्निधत्ते – you appear

सततम् अपि = always also

पुरः = in front

तैः = by them

अनभ्यर्थितान् अपि = अनभ्य (anabhya) अर्थितान् (arthitaan) अपि (api)- even those that have not been requested

अर्थान् कामान् = arthaan, kamaan, wealth and desired objects ( the two types of purushaarth)

अजस्रम् = ajasram -perpetually

वितरति – virarati – give away

परमानन्दसान्द्राम् =parama, ananda, saandra – which is completely filled (सान्द्र) with the Supreme (परम) Happiness (आनन्द)

गतिं च = gatim, ca – and the state

इत्थं = In this way,

निश्शेषलभ्यः = accessible to all without leaving anyone

निरवधिकफलः = the bestower of boundless (निरवधिक) fruits (फल)

पारिजातो हरे त्वं – Parijata Tree, Oh Hari, you

क्षुद्रं तं – ittham tam – inferior, that

शक्रवाटी- शक्, वाटी – shakra, vaaTi, Indra, Garden

द्रुम- druma, – tree

अभिलषति = abhilaShati, – wish/desire

व्यर्थमर्थिव्रजोऽयम् = व्यर्थम् (vyartham) unnecessarily/useless/futile + अर्थि (arthin) one who desires anything, + व्रज (vraja) several/multitude + अयम् (ayam) this